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  Rick Sutcliffe

Figures of Speech


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Figure of Speech Dictionary

A figure of speech or a trope (the latter word has a more specific use) is a non-ordinary use of language employed to create an emphasis, amplify a meaning, draw a comparison or contrast, or to make a rhetorical point. The figure may be achieved by employing repetition of words or sounds in a specific pattern, making an interjection, stating or implying a comparison, using synonyms, or using a specific pattern of argument. This searchable dictionary collects some of the common forms (about half of all figures). Use the Contact Page to advise of corrections, additional examples or forms we have missed.

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dglofaq script Version 1.0 Copyright 2004 by Rick Sutcliffe and Arjay Enterprises


Results for H :

Hendiadys or Two for One

Two words with similar or identical meanings are used where one would be sufficient.

Category: Meaning

e.g. The Latin expression "cum amicitia atque pace", literally "with peace and friendship" might be rendered in English as "with friendly peace", changing one of the redundant nouns into an adjective.

Notes: The combination of concepts that more often are described with a different word combining the two ideas.


Hendiatris or Three for One

Three words used but one thing meant.

Category: Meaning

e.g. ...how can we know the way? Jesus said to him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man comes to the Father, but by me. (John 14: 5-6)

Notes: In this example, the question concerned the way, but it is answered threefold."


Heterosis or Exchange

Exchange of one accidence or part of speech for another.

Category: Meaning

e.g. 1. In many languages. Collectives such as mankind which are both male and female are deemed for grammatical purposes to be male. 2. She run all the way to the store.

Notes: Frequently used with the gender of nouns or with verb tenses.


Homeopropheron or Alliteration

Repetition of the same letter or syllable at the commencement of two or more successive words.

Category: Repetition

e.g. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers

Notes: Tongue twisters are among the more common alliterations.


Homographs

Words that are identical in spelling but different in origin and meaning

Category: Meaning

e.g. invalid, row, sewer, wound

URL: opundo's homograph page


Homonyms

Words that are identical with each other in pronunciation and spelling, but differing in origin and meaning.

Category: Meaning

e.g. age, reflect, arithmetic, high, report, rest

URL: opundo's homonym page


Homophones

Words that are identical with each other in pronunciation, but differing in origin, spelling, and meaning.

Category: Meaning

e.g. 1. ant, aunt 2. leased, least 3. oh, owe

URL: opundo's homophone page


Hypallage or Interchange

The normal usage of two words is swapped to make a connection in meaning.

Category: Meaning

e.g. Open the day, and see if it be the window.--The Garden of Eloquence by Willard Espy


Hyperbaton or Transposition

The deliberate or accidental placing of a word out of its usual order in a sentence or dramatic departure from standard syntax (word order) for poetic effect.

Category: Rhetoric

Secondary Category: Grammar

e.g. Quoth the Raven, "Nevermore." (E. A. Poe)

Notes: Often used with an adjective or pronoun, or by reversing noun and verb.


Hyperbole

An intentional and often considerable exaggeration or extravagant statement to make a much lesser point. The statement is not meant to be taken literally.

Category: Meaning

e.g. 1. If your right eye causes you to sin, pluck it out and throw it away... (Matt. 5:29). 2. I could eat an ox. 3. If I've told you once I've told you a thousand times. Don't exaggerate.

Notes: The opposite is understatement.


Hypocatastasis or Implication

A comparison that is suggested or hinted at by context without being explicitly stated.

Category: Comparison

e.g. But be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees. (Matthew 6:11)

Notes: This is similar to a metaphor but without any use of the verb to be. In the example, it is doctrine that is at issue. The comparison is made by a substitution, which calls more attention to the implied comparison."


Hypotimesis or Under-Estimating

A minimizing parenthetic addition complete in itself. Usually used to express an apology for what might otherwise be taken amiss.

Category: Parenthesis

e.g. To my shame I admit that we were too weak for that! What anyone else dares to boast about--I am speaking as a fool-- I also dare to boast about. (2 Corinthians 11:21)


Hysteron proteron

A word that logically comes first is placed last instead.

Category: Grammar

e.g. The prisoner was charged with murder and rape.




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Links

About's page
American Rhetoric in Sound
Brainy Encyclopedia's List (Also found elsewhere)
Earnest Speakers
Figures of Speech Exercises
Figures of Speech Quiz
Figures of Speech Tables
The Forest of Rhetoric
RinkWorks Fun With Words
Stephen Hecht's page
Important Grammatical & Linguistical Terms
Infoplease Glossary of Poetry Terms
List of Poetry Terms
Deborah Rudd's page
Brian Tung's page
UNCP Glossary of Literary Terms
Kip Wheeler's page
Grant William's page
Who is the brain (sic) behind opundo?

Biblical Figures of Speech
Basics of Biblical Interpretation
Biblical Idioms
Bullinger's Biblical Figures
Figures of Speech Introduction
Keys to the Word's Interpretation
A. E. Knoch's page
NT Figures of Speech
Truth or Tradition's List

Related Pages
Rhyme Zone
Writing Resource Links

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Updated 2005 12 28